A job interview can be nerve-wracking for the candidate, but it can potentially put an employer in a tricky situation, too. It’s important to be careful which questions you ask, as some that seem innocent can actually be illegal (or, at the very least, make job candidates uncomfortable).
Here are five questions you shouldn’t ask during a job interview (and five you can ask instead):
Don’t ask: “How old are you?”
Knowing a candidate’s age may lead to age discrimination (whether intentional or not) as you decide who to hire. It’s better to avoid asking anything that would tell you how old the candidate is. Instead, ask: “Are you the minimum age required to perform this job?”
Don’t ask: “Is English your first language?”
This question may be offensive to some candidates. Instead, ask: “What languages can you speak, read and write fluently?”
Don’t ask: “Are you married?”
It’s illegal to ask a job candidate about his or her marital status—or sexual orientation, which you could learn about by asking this question. Instead, ask: “Have you ever worked under a different name?”
Don’t ask: “What is your height/weight?” These are personal questions that many, if not most, candidates will feel uncomfortable being asked. Instead, ask: “Can you lift boxes up to 40 pounds?” or “Can you reach shelves that are six feet tall?”
Don’t ask: “What religion do you practice?” You aren’t supposed to ask about a candidate’s religious beliefs. Instead, ask: “Which days are you available to work?”
What Else You Can Do
A few other things you can do to prepare to conduct an interview with a job candidate are:
- Write down a list of questions to ask during the interview.
- Review the candidate’s resume.
- Follow up to let the candidate know whether or not he or she received the job.